Tutorial on the alkene hydrohalogenation reaction, which converts alkenes to alkyl halides using hydrogen halides.
Tutorial on the formation and reactivity of sulfonate esters (e.g., tosylates, mesylates).
Tutorial introducing radicals, and explaining how single-headed curved arrows are used to draw radical mechanisms.
Tutorial covering the alkene hydroboration/oxidation reaction, which converts an alkene into an alcohol with anti-Markovnikov regioselectivity and syn stereoselectivity.
Tutorial on the E1 (unimolecular elimination) alcohol dehydration reaction and mechanism, which converts alcohols into alkenes.
Tutorial introducing the rearrangement reactions that stabilize carbocations, and explaining the mechanisms of 1,2-hydride and 1,2-alkyl shifts
Tutorial introducing the importance of Lewis acids and Lewis bases in organic reaction mechanisms, with examples involving charged carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen species.
Tutorial introducing the different charged states of carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen seen in organic reactions.
Tutorial explaining how the mechanisms of simple chemical reactions are represented by curved arrows.
Tutorial explaining how the formal charges of atoms change in a reaction mechanism.