Tutorial on the alkene hydrohalogenation reaction, which converts alkenes to alkyl halides using hydrogen halides.
Tutorial on the formation and reactivity of sulfonate esters (e.g., tosylates, mesylates).
Tutorial covering the alkene hydroboration/oxidation reaction, which converts an alkene into an alcohol with anti-Markovnikov regioselectivity and syn stereoselectivity.
Tutorial on the E1 (unimolecular elimination) alcohol dehydration reaction and mechanism, which converts alcohols into alkenes.
Tutorial introducing the rearrangement reactions that stabilize carbocations, and explaining the mechanisms of 1,2-hydride and 1,2-alkyl shifts
Tutorial covering the acid-catalysed hydration of alkenes, an electrophilic addition reaction forming alcohols. The mechanism is also covered, discussing the Markovnikov rule and the regioselectivity.
Tutorial covering the mechanism of the nitration of benzene, an electrophilic aromatic substitution reaction in which a nitro group is introduced onto a benzene ring.